Abstract of Votes

UNION COUNTY, OHIO, ABSTRACTS OF VOTES (1820-1959)

The Ohio General Assembly made accommodations for elections shortly after statehood.  On April 15, 1803, the legislature passed “an act to regulate elections.”  The act provided all the rules and regulations governing the conduct of elections in Ohio down to the “construction of the [ballot] boxes.”  The act provided that after “canvassing the votes” the judges were to “enclose and seal one of the poll books, under cover” to the clerk of courts “within five days from the close of the poll”.  The clerk of courts was instructed “on the sixth day after the day of [the] election” to take two justices of the peace, serving as assistants, and open the returns and create an abstract of the votes.  The abstract contained a summary report of the election, showing the elective offices, candidates, vote totals in each precinct and the grand total of votes for every office, candidate and issue.

On April 30, 1891, the Ohio legislature created county boards of elections.  The election duties previously assigned to the clerk of courts were reassigned to the board of elections.  The local board of elections, like their predecessors in the clerk of courts office, were instructed to create an abstract of the votes after the election.  Currently, the board of elections is instructed under Ohio Revised Code (O.R.C.) section 3501.11 under “board duties” to “receive the returns of elections, canvass the returns, make abstracts of them, and transmit those abstracts to the proper authorities”.  This provision regarding abstracts is further detailed out in O.R.C. section 3505.33.  This section requires the board of elections to retain a copy of the abstract of votes and the Ohio Secretary of State has subsequently determined in directives to the board of elections that these records are to be retained permanently.

In examining these records it is important to note the following:

  • The abstracts are only from county-wide elections for county, state and federal offices.Township and municipal election results have not been saved, except in a few rare instances.
  • From 1820 to 1929 the only issues that appear in the abstracts are state-wide and county-wide issues.From 1930 to 1959 local bond, tax levy and other issues appear in the abstracts.
  • The abstracts are only from special and general elections.Primary election results were not saved.The only results from primary elections are on issues only.
  • From 1820 to 1885 county office holder, state office holder and congressional representative elections were held on the second Tuesday in October, while elections for President of the United States were held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
  • Starting with the 1886 general election, all general elections in Ohio have been held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
  • Terms of office were adjusted for county office holders in 1905 and three year terms were changed to four year terms eliminating odd year general elections for county offices.
  • In 1913, the United States Constitution was amended to allow for the direct election of United States Senators.Prior to 1913, Senators were select by the state legislature.The first state-wide Senate race occurred in 1914 in Ohio.
  • Finally, it should be noted that various county and state offices have been created and eliminated during the 1820 to 1959 time period.

The abstracts contained below, are NOT originals, but transcribed versions.  The originals from the Union County Clerk of Courts’ Office are stored at the Union County Records Center and Archives.  Abstracts from 1890 thru 1956 were inadvertently destroyed before the Ohio Public Records Act came into being and before the directives on maintaining them permanently were issued from the Ohio Secretary of State.  The ones contained below are substitutes compiled from the Ohio Secretary of State’s records.

 

1820s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 10, 1820 General October 11, 1825 General
November 7, 1820 Presidential October 10, 1826 General
October 9, 1821 General October 9, 1827 General
October 8, 1822 General October 14, 1828 General
October 14, 1823 General November 4, 1828 Presidential
October 12, 1824 General October 13, 1829 General
November 2, 1824 Presidential    
1830s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 12, 1830 General October 13, 1835 General
October 11, 1831 General October 11, 1836 General
October 9, 1832 General November 8, 1836 Presidential
November 6, 1832 Presidential October 10, 1837 General
October 8, 1833 General October 9, 1838 General
October 14, 1834 General October 8, 1839 General
1840s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 13, 1840 General October 14, 1845 General
November 3, 1840 Presidential October 13, 1846 General
October 12, 1841 General October 12, 1847 General
October 11, 1842 General October 10, 1848 General
October 10, 1843 General November 7, 1848 Presidential
October 8, 1844 General October 9, 1849 General
November 5, 1844 Presidential    
1850s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
April 1, 1850 Special October 10, 1854 General
October 8, 1850 General October 9, 1855 General
June 17, 1851 Special October 14, 1856 General
October 14, 1851 General November 4, 1856 Presidential
October 12, 1852 General October 13, 1857 General
November 2, 1852 Presidential October 12, 1858 General
October 11, 1853 General October 11, 1859 General
1860s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 9, 1860 General October 10, 1865 General
November 5, 1860 Presidential October 9, 1866 General
October 8, 1861 General October 8, 1867 General
October 14, 1862 General January 27, 1868 Special
October 13, 1863 General October 13, 1868 General
January 5, 1864 Special November 3, 1868 Presidential
October 11, 1864 General October 12, 1869 General
November 8, 1864 Presidential    
1870s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 11, 1870 General October 13, 1874 General
October 10, 1871 General October 12, 1875 General
October 8, 1872 General October 10, 1876 General
November 5, 1872 Presidential November 7, 1876 Presidential
April 7, 1873 Special October 9, 1877 General
October 14, 1873 General October 8, 1878 General
August 18, 1874 Special October 14, 1879 General
1880s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 12, 1880 General November 4, 1884 Presidential
November 2, 1880 Presidential October 13, 1885 General
October 11, 1881 General November 2, 1886 General
October 10, 1882 General November 8, 1887 General
October 9, 1883 General November 6, 1888 General
October 14, 1884 General November 5, 1889 General
1890s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 4, 1890 General November 5, 1895 General
November 3, 1891 General November 3, 1896 General
November 8, 1892 General November 2, 1897 General
November 7, 1893 General November 8, 1898 General
November 6, 1894 General November 7, 1899 General
1900s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 6, 1900 General November 7, 1905 General
November 5, 1901 General November 6, 1906 General
November 4, 1902 General October 5, 1908 Special
November 3, 1903 General November 3, 1908 General
November 8, 1904 General    
1910s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 8, 1910 General November 7, 1916 General
November 5, 1912 General November 5, 1918 General
November 3, 1914 General    
1920s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 2, 1920 General November 2, 1926 General
November 7, 1922 General November 8, 1927 General
November 6, 1923 General November 6, 1928 General
November 4, 1924 General November 5, 1929 General
November 3, 1925 General    
1930s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 4, 1930 General November 3, 1936 General
November 3, 1931 General November 2, 1937 General
November 8, 1932 General August 9, 1938 Primary
November 7, 1933 General September 27, 1938 Special
November 6, 1934 General November 8, 1938 General
November 5, 1935 General November 7, 1939 General
May 12, 1936 Special    
1940s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 5, 1940 General November 6, 1945 General
November 4, 1941 General November 5, 1946 General
August 11, 1942 Primary November 4, 1947 General
November 3, 1942 General May 4, 1948 Primary
February 5, 1943 Special November 2, 1948 General
November 2, 1943 General November 8, 1949 General
November 7, 1944 General    
1950s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
May 2, 1950 Primary November 8, 1955 General
November 7, 1950 General November 6, 1956 General
November 6, 1951 General April 2, 1957 Special
May 6, 1952 Primary November 5, 1957 General
November 4, 1952 General May 6, 1958 Primary
November 3, 1953 General November 4, 1958 General
November 2, 1954 General November 3, 1959 General