Union County, Ohio

Abstract of Votes

UNION COUNTY, OHIO, ABSTRACTS OF VOTES (1820-1959)

The Ohio General Assembly made accommodations for elections shortly after statehood.  On April 15, 1803, the legislature passed “an act to regulate elections.”  The act provided all the rules and regulations governing the conduct of elections in Ohio down to the “construction of the [ballot] boxes.”  The act provided that after “canvassing the votes” the judges were to “enclose and seal one of the poll books, under cover” to the clerk of courts “within five days from the close of the poll”.  The clerk of courts was instructed “on the sixth day after the day of [the] election” to take two justices of the peace, serving as assistants, and open the returns and create an abstract of the votes.  The abstract contained a summary report of the election, showing the elective offices, candidates, vote totals in each precinct and the grand total of votes for every office, candidate and issue.

On April 30, 1891, the Ohio legislature created county boards of elections.  The election duties previously assigned to the clerk of courts were reassigned to the board of elections.  The local board of elections, like their predecessors in the clerk of courts office, were instructed to create an abstract of the votes after the election.  Currently, the board of elections is instructed under Ohio Revised Code (O.R.C.) section 3501.11 under “board duties” to “receive the returns of elections, canvass the returns, make abstracts of them, and transmit those abstracts to the proper authorities”.  This provision regarding abstracts is further detailed out in O.R.C. section 3505.33.  This section requires the board of elections to retain a copy of the abstract of votes and the Ohio Secretary of State has subsequently determined in directives to the board of elections that these records are to be retained permanently.

In examining these records it is important to note the following:

  • The abstracts are only from county-wide elections for county, state and federal offices.Township and municipal election results have not been saved, except in a few rare instances.
  • From 1820 to 1929 the only issues that appear in the abstracts are state-wide and county-wide issues.From 1930 to 1959 local bond, tax levy and other issues appear in the abstracts.
  • The abstracts are only from special and general elections.Primary election results were not saved.The only results from primary elections are on issues only.
  • From 1820 to 1885 county office holder, state office holder and congressional representative elections were held on the second Tuesday in October, while elections for President of the United States were held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
  • Starting with the 1886 general election, all general elections in Ohio have been held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
  • Terms of office were adjusted for county office holders in 1905 and three year terms were changed to four year terms eliminating odd year general elections for county offices.
  • In 1913, the United States Constitution was amended to allow for the direct election of United States Senators.Prior to 1913, Senators were select by the state legislature.The first state-wide Senate race occurred in 1914 in Ohio.
  • Finally, it should be noted that various county and state offices have been created and eliminated during the 1820 to 1959 time period.

The abstracts contained below, are NOT originals, but transcribed versions.  The originals from the Union County Clerk of Courts’ Office are stored at the Union County Records Center and Archives.  Abstracts from 1890 thru 1956 were inadvertently destroyed before the Ohio Public Records Act came into being and before the directives on maintaining them permanently were issued from the Ohio Secretary of State.  The ones contained below are substitutes compiled from the Ohio Secretary of State’s records.

1820s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 10, 1820 pdf General October 11, 1825 pdf General
November 7, 1820 pdf Presidential October 10, 1826 pdf General
October 9, 1821 pdf General October 9, 1827 pdf General
October 8, 1822 pdf General October 14, 1828 pdf General
October 14, 1823 pdf General November 4, 1828 pdf Presidential
October 12, 1824 pdf General October 13, 1829 pdf General
November 2, 1824 pdf Presidential
1830s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 12, 1830 pdf General October 13, 1835 pdf General
October 11, 1831 pdf General October 11, 1836 pdf General
October 9, 1832 pdf General November 8, 1836 pdf Presidential
November 6, 1832 pdf Presidential October 10, 1837 pdf General
October 8, 1833 pdf General October 9, 1838 pdf General
October 14, 1834 pdf General October 8, 1839 pdf General
1840s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 13, 1840 pdf General October 14, 1845 pdf General
November 3, 1840 pdf Presidential October 13, 1846 pdf General
October 12, 1841 pdf General October 12, 1847 pdf General
October 11, 1842 pdf General October 10, 1848 pdf General
October 10, 1843 pdf General November 7, 1848 pdf Presidential
October 8, 1844 pdf General October 9, 1849 pdf General
November 5, 1844 pdf Presidential
1850s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
April 1, 1850 pdf Special October 10, 1854 pdf General
October 8, 1850 pdf General October 9, 1855 pdf General
June 17, 1851 pdf Special October 14, 1856 pdf General
October 14, 1851 pdf General November 4, 1856 pdf Presidential
October 12, 1852 pdf General October 13, 1857 pdf General
November 2, 1852 pdf Presidential October 12, 1858 pdf General
October 11, 1853 pdf General October 11, 1859 pdf General
1860s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 9, 1860 pdf General October 10, 1865 pdf General
November 5, 1860 pdf Presidential October 9, 1866 pdf General
October 8, 1861 pdf General October 8, 1867 pdf General
October 14, 1862 pdf General January 27, 1868 pdf Special
October 13, 1863 pdf General October 13, 1868 pdf General
January 5, 1864 pdf Special November 3, 1868 pdf Presidential
October 11, 1864 pdf General October 12, 1869 pdf General
November 8, 1864 pdf Presidential
1870s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 11, 1870 pdf General October 13, 1874 pdf General
October 10, 1871 pdf General October 12, 1875 pdf General
October 8, 1872 pdf General October 10, 1876 pdf General
November 5, 1872 pdf Presidential November 7, 1876 pdf Presidential
April 7, 1873 pdf Special October 9, 1877 pdf General
October 14, 1873 pdf General October 8, 1878 pdf General
August 18, 1874 pdf Special October 14, 1879 pdf General
1880s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
October 12, 1880 pdf General November 4, 1884 pdf Presidential
November 2, 1880 pdf Presidential October 13, 1885 pdf General
October 11, 1881 pdf General November 2, 1886 pdf General
October 10, 1882 pdf General November 8, 1887 pdf General
October 9, 1883 pdf General November 6, 1888 pdf General
October 14, 1884 pdf General November 5, 1889 pdf General
1890s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 4, 1890 pdf General November 5, 1895 pdf General
November 3, 1891 pdf General November 3, 1896 pdf General
November 8, 1892 pdf General November 2, 1897 pdf General
November 7, 1893 pdf General November 8, 1898 pdf General
November 6, 1894 pdf General November 7, 1899 pdf General
1900s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 6, 1900 pdf General November 7, 1905 pdf General
November 5, 1901 pdf General November 6, 1906 pdf General
November 4, 1902 pdf General October 5, 1908 pdf Special
November 3, 1903 pdf General November 3, 1908 pdf General
November 8, 1904 pdf General
1910s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 8, 1910 pdf General November 7, 1916 pdf General
November 5, 1912 pdf General November 5, 1918 pdf General
November 3, 1914 pdf General
1920s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 2, 1920 pdf General November 2, 1926 pdf General
November 7, 1922 pdf General November 8, 1927 pdf General
November 6, 1923 pdf General November 6, 1928 pdf General
November 4, 1924 pdf General November 5, 1929 pdf General
November 3, 1925 pdf General
1930s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 4, 1930 pdf General November 3, 1936 pdf General
November 3, 1931 pdf General November 2, 1937 pdf General
November 8, 1932 pdf General August 9, 1938 pdf Primary
November 7, 1933 pdf General September 27, 1938 pdf Special
November 6, 1934 pdf General November 8, 1938 pdf General
November 5, 1935 pdf General November 7, 1939 pdf General
May 12, 1936 pdf Special
1940s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
November 5, 1940 pdf General November 6, 1945 pdf General
November 4, 1941 pdf General November 5, 1946 pdf General
August 11, 1942 pdf Primary November 4, 1947 pdf General
November 3, 1942 pdf General May 4, 1948 pdf Primary
February 5, 1943 pdf Special November 2, 1948 pdf General
November 2, 1943 pdf General November 8, 1949 pdf General
November 7, 1944 pdf General
1950s
Election Election Type Election Election Type
May 2, 1950 pdf Primary November 8, 1955 pdf General
November 7, 1950 pdf General November 6, 1956 pdf General
November 6, 1951 pdf General April 2, 1957 pdf Special
May 6, 1952 pdf Primary November 5, 1957 pdf General
November 4, 1952 pdf General May 6, 1958 pdf Primary
November 3, 1953 pdf General November 4, 1958 pdf General
November 2, 1954 pdf General November 3, 1959 pdf General